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  • Shaoshan Mao Ancestral Hall

    Shaoshan Mao Ancestral Hall

    The Mao Ancestral Hall which was the main ancestral hall of the Mao clan in Shaoshan, was built from 1758 to 1763. The building is in the structure of brick and wood, with green brick and tile, covering the total area of nearly 700 square meters.In the autumn of 1921, the advanced intellectuals in Shaoshanchong, Maoluzhong, Maojianchen set up a school of the Mao clan. In order to launch the peasant movement in Shaoshan, between the early spring and mid autumn in 1925, Mao Zedong and his wife Yang Kaihui came back to Shaoshan, and made use of clan school to start Peasant\'s Night School which was the earlisest peasant\'s night school in Shaoshan.During the War of Resistance Against Japan (1937-1945), the Chinese Communist Party Branch launched a library and the site of CPC in Shaoshan, Xiangtan County District,Qugongsuo(District Public Office) and Cultural Centers in Shaoshan District during the initial post-liberation period.The related local authorities made a great maintenance in order to keep its original appearance in 1920th and opened to the outside. At the beginning of 1980th, it was approved to be historical and cultural relics unit under protection by People\'s Government.
    Changsha & Zhuzhou & Xiangtan 2012-08-06 16:00 View:2309
  • Hunan Provincial Museum

    Hunan Provincial Museum

    Hunan Provincial Museum, the largest museum of history and art in Hunan Province, was set up in the early 1950s. It lies in the Kaifu District of Changsha with an area of 51,000 square meters. The museum boasts abundant collections that feature cultural relics excavated from the marvelous Mawangdui Han Tombs, including the bronze wares of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties and the Kingdom of Chu, pottery and porcelain works in the past dynasties, calligraphy works and paintings, as well as modern cultural relics. The new exhibition building of Hunan Provincial Museum is simple in form but marked for its magnificent grandeur. The multi-functional and well equipped building shows six permanent exhibitions and many temporary exhibitions.The Exhibition of Han Tombs at MawangduiThe excavation from 1972 to 1974 of three tombs of the Western Han dynasty at Mawangdui in Changsha marks one of the major archaeological discoveries in the twentieth century. Over 3,000 cultural relics and a well-preserved female corpse were unearthed.Among the uncovered relics are bright-colored lacquer wares representing the highest level of workmanship at that time, fine silks amazingly showing accomplished weaving technique, silk paintings with romantic themes of the Kingdom of Heaven, the craving for eternity, and silk inscriptions demonstrating knowledge and wisdom of the ancient people. The well-preserved female corpse is even a miracle in human antisepsis.The Exhibition of Shang and Zhou Bronzes found in Hunan ProvinceThe earliest bronzes that have been found in Hunan Province were excavated from several Shang Dynasty sites (over 3,500 years ago) in Tonggushan of Yueyang City and Zaoshi of Shimen County. The Museum has a fairly large collection of bronzes of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties. The Exhibition of Shang and Zhou Bronzes found in Hunan Province displays 72 carefully selected bronzes and 11 jade objects unearthed together with the bronzes. This exhibition reflects the sequence of development of bronze culture in Hunan Province, and offers knowledge of the bronze Nao (a kind of musical instrument) and animal-shaped bronze utensils, and enriches the connotation of China\'s bronze culture.The Exhibition of Ceramics from Famous Kilns in Hunan ProvinceThe ceramics industry in Hunan Province has obtained a unique position after a long history of development. The ten-thousand-year old pottery shards unearthed at Yuchanyan in Dao County are among the earliest ever-discovered in China. More than 400 kilns chronologically ranging from the Eastern Han Dynasty (206BC -23AD) to the Qing Dynasty (1636-1912) have been discovered in Hunan Province. The brilliantly colorful ceramic art of Hunan has added a bright vista to ancient ceramics in China.The Exhibition of Calligraphies in the Ming and Qing DynastiesCalligraphy in China is an old and unique traditional art. Chinese calligraphy is based on Chinese written characters and gradually develops into a most concentrated aesthetic form of art that provides an understanding of the Chinese culture.There are a large collection of calligraphy works of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368-1912) in the museum, especially the works of celebrities from Hunan Province, which show the elegant and distinct demeanor of Hunan calligraphy. The displayed collection of the Ming and Qing Dynasties epitomizes the continuation, innovation and development of calligraphy in Hunan Province along with the other parts of China.The Exhibition of Paintings Created in the Ming and Qing DynastiesThe history of Chinese painting art runs a long course from a remote source with its unique national style and profound cultural information. Based on the development of the painting art in the Tang and the Song Dynasties (618AD-1279AD), the painting art of the Ming and the Qing Dynasties has a tendency of individuation, and, therefore, various schools of paintings with different styles have appeared. There is a large collection of paintings of the Ming and the Qing Dynasties in this exhibition. Among them, there are works of painters that have never been shown anywhere else in the country, which show the basic development of the painting art and the artistic style of Ming and Qing Dynasties.The Exhibition of Ten New Major Archaeological Discoveries in Hunan ProvinceThe Exhibition of Ten New Major Archaeological Discoveries in Hunan Province with 133 artifacts shows the ten new great archaeological discoveries in Hunan Province over the past ten years, among which, eight have been included in Annual Ten New Major Archaeological Discoveries in China and three have been included in the Hundred Greatest Archaeological Discoveries of the Twentieth Century in China. Furthermore, the excavation of an ancient city site from the Warring States (475BC-221BC) to the Qin(221BC-206BC)and Han (206BC-220AD) Dynasties in Liye of Longshan County has been regarded as one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the twenty-first century in China. This exhibition shows rich and various aspects of artifacts, including quantity, variety, form, cultural meaning, historical and scientific value and so on.There are also many national treasures displayed here, which include Coffin with Painted Design on Black Lacquer Coating,which, though has been buried for more than two thousand years, still shines in dazzling colors; the Tang Dynasty Copy of \"Lan Ting Xu\" (the Brown Silk Paper Scroll), which enables us to know the style of early Tang Dynasty calligraphy while appreciating the artistic beauty of Wang Xizhi\'s calligraphy; the T-shaped Painting on Silk; the Gauze Gown as well as the Square Bronze Ding with Human Mask Design and Inscriptions of da he.With a concentration of treasures of cultural relics from the land of Hunan Province, Hunan Provincial Museum paints a panoramic historical picture of Hunan civilization. Serving as an important window to interpret the history and nuances of Hunan culture, it attracts every year hundreds of thousands of visitors from China and abroad.Admission: free (not open on Monday)Opening hours: 8:00am-17:45Tel: (86)731-4535566Transport: Bus Nos.112 and 136
    HOT Changsha & Zhuzhou & Xiangtan 2012-08-06 11:53 View:3321
  • Ningxiang Liu Shaoqi Memorial Hall

    Ningxiang Liu Shaoqi Memorial Hall

    Liu Shaoqi is a revolutionary, statesman, and theorist. He was Chairman of the People\'s Republic of China, China\'s head of state, from April, 1959 to October, 1968, during which he led economic construction and policy initiatives of the country. He was purged during the Cultural Revolution(1966-1976) and died under suspicious circumstances and harsh treatment in late 1969, but his reputation was posthumously rehabilitated in 1980 by most of Chinese government and Chinese People.Situated in Huaminglou town, Ningxiang County, Changsha, Liu Shaoqi Memorial Hall is the only biographical memorial hall in China that systematically introduces Liu Shaoqi\'s life and great deeds. As a key historical monument under state-level protection, Liu Shaoqi Memorial Hall mainly includes the former residence, and the copper statue.The Former Residence of Liu Shaoqi has 20 rooms of various sizes with more than 30 thatched cottages and tile-roofed houses restored according to the original designs. Over 190 exhibits are on display; the typical features of a farmer\'s house at the end of the 19th century, and some scenes of Liu Shaoqi\'s life in the old residence are represented.The Memorial Hall, located some 300 meters from the residence, was constructed in November, 1988. Rich historical documents and materials and photos are stored in the Memorial Hall.In the square in front of the hall, a bronze full-length statue of Liu Shaoqi has been erected with a height of 7.1 meters. Completed on November 24th, 1988, the bronze statue was carefully sculptured by the famous sculptors Liu Kaiqu and Cheng Yunxian. In 1998, General Secretary of CPC and President Jiang Zeming inscribed for the bronze statue. Liu Shaoqi Memorial Hall has gained the honor of \"the first batch national patriotic education bases\" and \"one of Ten Chinese classics red scenic spots\", etc.Transport: Long-distance buses go regularly from Changsha West Bus Station to Huaminglou town every dayTel: (86)731-87094027Admission (for reference): RMB 50 yuan/adultSource: Hunan Official Web Portal
    Changsha & Zhuzhou & Xiangtan 2012-08-06 11:30 View:2386
  • Jia Yi Former Residence

    Jia Yi Former Residence

    As one of the oldest relics of Changsha, the Former Residence of Jia Yi has the longest history among the former residences of the Chinese celebrities and is located in Taifu Lane, Taiping Street, Tianxin District of Changsha City.Jia Yi (200BC-168BC) is a famous statesman and writer in West Han Dynasty in ancient China. He was once a counselor of Emperor Han Wen. Because he offended the dignitaries, Jia Yi was demoted to be Grand Preceptor (an ancient official title) of the Changsha King. While in Changsha Jia Yi spent three gloomy and lonely years here and composed many excellent works, he was called \"Jia Changsha\". Jia Yi and Qu Yuan are often mentioned in the same breath and jointly called \"Qu Jia\" as they two are intelligent but encountering lots of adversities, and both were banished to Changsha.For more than 2,000 years, the former residence has been built and ruined successively. And now the Former Residence of Jiayi consists of Jia Taifu Memorial Temple, Taifu Hall, Xunqiu Thatched House, Ancient Stele Pavilion, Wall Inscriptions and Changhuai Well which is now the only well-preserved site in the residence.Today visitors here always linger in front of a famous couplet in front of the well, showing their respect for the great writer. The couplet reads: Only the old well knows the vicissitudes of life as time goes on; what is constant is the endless love of Changsha people for Jia Yi.Admission (for reference): Free of charge now (necessary identification documents required such as the ID card or passport )Transport: Bus Nos. 2, 108 and 143Tel: (86)731-85155379Source: Hunan Official Web Portal
    Changsha & Zhuzhou & Xiangtan 2012-08-06 11:23 View:2099
  • Dawei Mountain National Forest Park

    Dawei Mountain National Forest Park

    Dawei Mountain National Forest Park is located in northeast part of Liuyang city (Hunan Province). It is about 148 kilometers away from Changsha city. Dawei Mountain National Forest Park is generally called “Green pearl” due to its flourish forest, abundant resources, beautiful scenery and pleasant climate.In 1992, it is authorized as a national forest park by The Ministry of Forestry. Over there, original secondary forest and man-made forest integrate with each other harmoniously in a green sea. Generally, floristics there contains 23 formations, including 3,000 kinds of plants. 17 kinds are listed in national first classed and second classed protected species. 60 kinds of wild animals are found, including 14 national first classed and second classed protected rare animals. More than 1,200 kinds of butterflies live in the forest. All in all, Dawei Mountain National Forest Park can also be called “Natural animals and plants museum”.In addition, Dawei Moutain National Forest Park is famous for its “Beauty”. Countless picturesque peaks and rocks and over 100 plunging waterfalls set between high mountains and lofty hills and dense forests. Average temperature there is about 11.4℃. Annual relative humidity is above 85%. In particular, It is a good place for beautifying features and prolonging life thanks to fresh air and good water quality.Translated by Becky
    Changsha & Zhuzhou & Xiangtan 2012-07-19 23:38 View:1792
  • Ningxiang Miyin Temple

    Ningxiang Miyin Temple

    Hunan Ningxiang Weishan Miyin Temple, one of the biggest temples in south of the Yangtze River, locates in the western mountainous area of Ningxiang county where Liu Shaoqi’s hometown is situated and is 110 km away from the downtown of Changsha city. It was built in 708 in Tang Dynasty and covers an area of 38.9 mu (about 26000 square meters).MiyinTempleis famous for its heavy sense of history. Not only the spectacularProgenitorTower, where the remains of the founders of the temple preserve, but also the presentation of bronze culture like Four Sheep Statue and Quadripod with Face Grain make this temple mysterious and attracting. Building here is divided into 8 parts: Monastery Gate, Square, Main Hall, Meditation Room, Progenitor Hall, Sided Hall, Auxiliary Hall and Bounding Wall, which is another eye-catching point.What’s more,MiyinTempleis adjacent to Weishan andQingyangLakewhich both are excellent natural scenery. It will be a great chance to have a good experience of both Buddhism culture and natural scenery to visit here.By Patricia
    Changsha & Zhuzhou & Xiangtan 2012-04-24 17:49 View:1949
  • The Former Residence of Chairman Mao

    The Former Residence of Chairman Mao

    The Former Residence of Chairman Mao is located at Shangwu Ground, Tudi Chong, Shaoshan village, Shaoshan Township. It lies on the south and faces on the north, the building structure is like Chinese character \"凹\". On the east, it belongs to Mao\'s family, on the other side of the house is the neighbor\'s, they shared the central room. On Dec.26, 1893, Mao Zedong was born in the house. We can see Mao\'s family photo, everyday household utensils, all kinds of farm tools, and shoulder pole, bucket, hoe that used by Mao Zedong when he was young. As the hometown of the great man of the generation, now Shaoshan is one of the important tourist zones in Hunan province. The major tourist sites including the Former residence of Chairman Mao, Memorial Hall of Mao Zedong, Water-dripping Cave and Steles Forest of Mao\'s Poems, and so on.Attractions:The former residence of Chairman Mao Shaoshan is a small mountain village about 100km southwest of Changsha, the capital of Hunan province, with some fairly beautiful scenery and a once typically Hunan village atmosphere, Shaoshan has been irreparably changed by history. On the 26th December 1893, a baby was born in a little house in this village, to a relatively wealthy peasant couple. The child was to grow up to become China\'s Great Helmsman, Chairman Mao Zedong, and it was in this region that he spent his childhood and youth, attending school and helping his father with his work.The former residence of Chairman Mao is the most interesting site. Entered through a courtyard, the house is of a sunny yellow, mud brick walls, with a nicely thatched roof, and is found on a wooded hillside, above some lush paddy fields. There are 13 and one half rooms in the Former residence, which include one and half central room, a kitchen, a dining room, three family bedrooms and a guest room. Within the rooms are various personal effects of Mao and his parents, as well as photos from Mao\'s life.This is the central room, used by two families: Mao's family and their neighbor. So we said that there is only one half of the central room belongs to Mao's family. And this is there kitchen, where Chairman Mao often helped his mother doing some housework in his childhood. Go through the kitchen was Chairman Mao's parent's bedroom, there are two photos of Chairman Mao's parents on the inner wall, and it was in this room where Chairman Mao was born. Chairman Mao Memorial HallThe Chairman Mao Memorial Hall commonly known as the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong, or the Mao Mausoleum, is the final resting place of Mao Zedong Chairman of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 1943 and the chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China from 1945 until his death.Although Mao had wished to be cremated, his body was embalmed, and construction of a mausoleum began shortly after his death. This highly popular attraction is located in the middle of Tiananmen Square, in Beijing, the capital of China. On this site had previously stood the Gate of China, the southern (main) gate of the Imperial City during the Ming and Qing dynasties.The remains of the Great Helmsman, as he is sometimes known, are on display for public viewing. People line up for hundreds of feet (dozens of meters) every day to see the former chairman, many paying tribute to him with flowers which can be rented at the entrance on the north side. There is a souvenir shop at the exit on the south side. Comrade Mao Zedong Bronze Statue SquareComrade Mao Zedong Bronze Statue Square was built at Chairman Mao\'s 100th birth anniversary in 1993. It is located in the center of the core scenic area of Shaoshan. It is the main site for domestic and overseas tourists to commemorate Comrade Mao Zedong, the venue for a variety of large-scale events, and the distribution center for visitors who tour Shaoshan. Comrade Mao Zedong Bronze Statue Square was reconstructed and extended at Chairman Mao\'s 115th birth anniversary in 2008. It is \"Number One Project\" in the Shaoshan major construction projects. Approved by the Central, \"Small Displacement, Small Shift\" program was used to renovate and expand Comrade Mao Zedong Bronze Statue Square based on the original one. After the reconstruction, the total area of the square is 100,000 square meters now and the height of Comrade Mao Zedong bronze statue is 10.1 meters tall including the foundation. Backed by Shaofeng and facing the former residence, People in this magnificent and solemn atmosphere can have a better understanding of the extraordinary spirit of the great man Mao.The Dripping Water CaveThe Dripping Water Cave, about 3 km northwest of the village, is a very popular destination, possibly because of the fact that Mao allegedly spent 11 days here in the early days of the Cultural Revolution Years (1966-76), contemplating the unknown.Shaoshan Steles Forest of Mao’s PoemsMao Zedong\'s Poetry Forest of Stone Tablets is located half way up the mountain of Shaofeng and about 3 kilometers away from Mao Zedong\'s Former Residence. It was formally opened in 1993, with a total area of nearly 20,000 square meters. The whole garden is divided into five parts according to Mao\'s revolutionary career and four periods by the chronological order.The first part: Mao Zedong\'s poetry written in his youth.The second part: Mao Zedong\'s poetry written during the time of Great Revolution and the second Revolutionary War. The third part: Mao Zedong\'s poetry written in the time of Long March of the Red Army, Anti-Japanese War, and the War of Liberation.The fourth part: Mao Zedong\'s poetry written after the establishment of new China.On hillside stood steles engraved with Mao’s fifty poems. Among them 28 is Mao’s original handwriting. Due to the poetic sentiment and picturesque layout, it is appraised as one of Hunan’s best scenic spots. The Peak of Mount Shaoshan  Mount Shaoshan has an abundance of green and old trees. There are eight scenic spots and five marvelous spectacles. Tourists can climb to Shaoshan old temple on mountaintop while enjoying birds singing and pine trees whistling and the beautiful sceneries. Cableway is also available.Travel tips:This site is on the outskirts of Shaoshan (approximately 104 km outside of Changsha) and is easily reached by bus.Huaminglou, Liu Shaoqi\'s former residenceHuaminglou is in a beautiful small town of South Changjiang. It is located o?n the bank of Jinjiang River, northeast border of Wangcheng County, in the southeast of Ningxiang County boundary, Hunan Province. Its neighboring is Xiangtan and Xiangxiang city in southwest and is 30 kilometers east from provincial capital Changsha. The distance from Mao Zedong\'s hometown, Shaoshan, is 37 kilometers o?n the south and is 30 kilometers west from the county. Huaminglou scenic area occupies more than 670,000 square meters with the total floor space of 35,000 square meters. The main scenic spots are Liu Shaoqi\'s Former Residence, Memorial Hall, Bronze Statue Square, Exhibition Hall, Huaming Tower, Accomplishment Pavilion, Airplane Liu Shaoqi Had Taken, Ancestral Graves of Liu Shaoqi, Wang Guangmei\'s Tomb, Landscape Diagram of the Universe, etc. It has gained the honor of \"the first batch national patriotic education bases,\" \" the first batch national AAAA level traveling scenic spots,\" \"one of Ten Chinese classics red scenic spots,\" so it is a revolutionary commemorating and traveling spot with national influence.What to visitHuaminglou is famous for it\'s the hometown of Liu Shaoqi - one of the great leaders in Chinese revolution, His former residence is surrounded by lots of trees, and there are more than 30 wood rooms in the courtyard. Apart from the living room, there is also reading room for children to study.Memorial Museum 500 meters from Liu Shaoqi\'s former residence, there is a Memorial Museum in honor of him, in the museum there are more than 800 cultural relics and materials, including some of Liu Shaoqi\'s books and daily things.Liu Shaoqi\'s Bronze Statue SquareLiu Shaoqi\'s Bronze Statue Square covers more than 8,000 square meters. The bronze statue was donated by the Chinese National General Labor Union, and sculptured carefully by famous sculptor Liu Kaiqu and Cheng Yunxian. The statue is 7.1 meters high (including the base) which implies two meanings. July 1st is the birthday of Communist Party of China, symbolizing Liu Shaoqi\'s outstanding contribution to Communist Party.Meanwhile, Liu Shaoqi died at the age of 71, implicating his glorious and great life. The bronze statue was completed on November 24th, 1988. President Yang Shangkun unveiled it personally. In 1998, General Secretary of CPC and President Jiang Zeming inscribed for the bronze statue. Huaming ParkHuaming Park occupies more than 130000 square meters. It\'s a park carries Chinese traditional virtues as the culture theme with the sites of Huaming Tower, Accomplishment Pavilion, Airplane Liu Shaoqi Had taken, Wande Tripod Cauldron, A-leaf Lake, etc. It opened in 2003. Huaming TowerHuaming Tower is a five storey tower with the height of one hundred feet. It is ancient dignified, grand and magnificent with jujube color corridors, carved pillars and drawings. The tower is decorated by the background of plum, orchid, bamboo, chrysanthemum and lotus, which implies the lofty thought of Liu Shaoqi for persisting in the truth and never changing his aspiration.Airplane Liu Shaoqi Had TakenDoyle -18-240 airplane is a turbine spiral medium range airliner imported from former Soviet Union in 1959. The fuselage is 36.9 meters. It has wingspan of 37.4 meters and weights 32 tons, which was the specified airplane for leaders of Communist Party and country. Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, Peng Zhen, Chen Yi all had taken this plane. It has accompanied Liu Shaoqi to participate in many important activities about foreign affairs. In 1963, Liu Shaoqi visited Indonesia, Burma, Cambodia and Vietnam by this plane. Moreover, Liu Shaoqi accompanied Jin Richeng to meet Mao Zedong from Beijing to Wuhan by the plane on the eve of discussion war between China and Soviet Union.In December 2000, the National Bureau of Cultural Heritage organized some experts on revolutionary cultural heritage to appraise it. A document named was written to collect the plane Liu Shaoqi had taken. This specified plane is the true one after appraised by captain and mechanic who drove it before, so it has high historical value. The museum is authorized to preserve it as a precious cultural heritage. On September 2nd, 2003, the airplane successfully settled in Huaming Tower. On November 24th in the same year, it was opened to public formally. The plane is preserved completely. The cabin was separated into the first-class cabin, ordinary cabin, resting cabin, goods preservation cabin and toilets except for cockpit, the seats and military beds in cabins are the originals.Airplane Liu Shaoqi Had TakenThe name of Accomplishment Pavilion comes from Liu Shaoqi\'s work Accomplishment of Members of Communist Party. Accomplishment Pavilion is composed of main pavilion, two courtyards and a small assembling square. There are original handwriting of outline on Accomplishment of Members of Communist Party, discussion accomplishment by celebrities in previous dynasties, the appraisal of three generations of leaders on Accomplishment of Members of Communist Party, and contemporary calligraphy and painting work of celebrities.Travel Tips:When to goChangsha falls within the subtropical monsoon climate with distinct seasons and changing temperature. The annual temperature is 17.2℃. The weather of spring in Changsha is changeable; you need to wear thick clothes. The autumn begins from the middle of August. The weather is fine and the sky is clear. To sum up, September and October in autumn is the best time for traveling.Traffic There are coaches from Changsha to Ningxiang, and there are buses to huaminglou from Changsha, Ningxiang, Shaoshan. You can go there by bus.It is about 50 kilometers apart from Changsha and the bus fare is around 20RMB. The Huaminglou town is the hometown of Liu Shaoqi, one of the main and respected leaders in China. All of the Huaminglou scenic area takes up 470,000 square meters and the admission fee is 30RMB.the Former Residence of Chairman Mao is on the outskirts of Shaoshan (approximately 104 km outside of Changsha) and is easily reached by bus.You can first vist Liu Shaoqi\'s former residence and then take the bus from there to the Former Residence of Chairman Mao. It will take you 20 yuan and 30 mininutes.
    Changsha & Zhuzhou & Xiangtan 2010-10-06 19:14 View:8229
  • The Mausoleum of Emperor Yandi

    The Mausoleum of Emperor Yandi

    The Chinese people are proud of being descendants of Emperor Yan and Emperor Huang, who respectively ruled the Yangtse River valley and Yellow River about 5,000 years ago. They both made great contributions to their primitive tribes and are looked on as the revered ancestors of the whole nation.According to legend, Emperor Yan \"Invented\"spade-shaped plough, taught his subjects how to do farm work, tasted various herbs, made medicines, wove hempen cloth and set up markets.\"Late in his life, he continued to serve his people by treating their diseases and, unfortunately, died of tasting poisonous herbs in Ling County. Admiring his merits and virtues, his posterity built the Ancestral Temple to Emperor Yan at his burial mound in 967. Since then, in important ceremonials, sovereigns of every later dynasty would always tell envoys to visit the temple and offer sacrifices. Ruined several times in wars, it was rebuilt in the Qing dynasty(1616-1911). Yet, in 1954, it was burnt down. In October, 1985, the provincial government approriated a large sum of money and ordered the construction of the Mausoleum of Emperor Yan at the former site in Ling County. Now it has been a sacred place where the Chinese people pay homage to their ancestor.The front gate is called the Meridian Gate since our ancestor enjoys supremacy even unchallenged by sovereigns. It is flanked by partitioned rooms that house dozens of steles inscribed with funeral orations of varous dynastied . Beyond the gate, the vermillion steps lead to the Salute Pavillion, where worshipers are supposed to stop and give a salute before entering the main hall. Behind the pavillion unfolds three marble ramps carved in relief with patterns of invertwining clouds and dragons. They are fixed between six flights of marble steps that climb up the three-tiered terrace. High on the terrace stands the main hall, a finely decorated building with a hipped and gabled roof of double eaves. It houses a golden statue of Emperor Yan siting behind a basketful of crops, with a bunch of rice ears in the left hand and a medicinal herg in the right hand. Behind the hall is a pavillion, in which the grave stone is erected; and further on, the resting place of our revered ancestor lies in the rear of the courtyard. These major buildings, distributed one after another along the central axis, are symmet-rically flanked by minor buildings, such as the Sage-Worshiping Temple the Loft Virtues Archway, the Animal- Sacrificing Pavilion and the Harvest-Singing Terrace.Surrounded by towering old trees, the mausoleum seems all the more stately and splendid, with the golden roof s flashing brilliantly in the sun and the purple walls occasionally from behind the lush trees. The Emperor Yan\'s Mausoleum CeremonyChinese people are proud of being descendants of Emperor Yan and Emperor Huang, who, respectively, ruled the Yangtse and Yellow River vallies, about 5,000 years ago. As the legend goes, Emperor Yan went south to find herbs to treat his people. Unfortunately he ate some poisonous herbs, and died. In 967, in admiration of his merits and virtues, the Ancestral Temple was built, for him, at his mausoleum, which is at the foot of a mountain in Zhuzhou City, Hunan Province.According to historical records, people have performed sacrificial rituals in honor of Yan, since the Han Dynasty (206BC-AD220). There are a variety of activities in the ceremony, including offering objects or animals, playing music, and dragon dance performances, among others.The memorial ceremony has two types; the official and the folk, both of which have been preserved from ancient times. According to historical records, the grand ceremony was held 15 times during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), and 38 times during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).During its long history, the ceremony performed at Yan\'s mausoleum has become a culture with its own music, dance and literature. To commemorate Yan\'s discovery and use of fire, nine dragons are set alight, on stage. These then ignite the top firestone with the flames spouting from their mouths. The performance symbolizes that the Chinese people are descendants of dragons. In the square of the divine dragon hall, yellow, cyan,black, white, and red dragons perform according to the five different orientations, an embodiment China\'s rich traditional culture. Since China\'s reform and opening up in 1979, emperor Yan\'s mausoleum has become a prominent cultural artifact, and taking part in the rituals has become an important way of expressing patriotic sentiment, for many Chinese. In recent years, more than 100,000 overseas Chinese have come back to take part in the annual event. Attractions:Although we can\'t work out when Emperor Yan Mound was first built, according the records of history books, it must have been built before the Five Dynasty. In 967 A.D., Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty assigned people to build a temple in front of Emperor Yan\'s Mound and Emperor Kangxi and Emperor Daoguang of Qing Dynasty also assigned officials to stand gravestones here. Emperor Yan is o?ne of the ancestors of Chinese people, he and Emperor Huang are called Yanhuang.Emperor Yan\'s Mound tourist zone includes human sight as Emperor Yan\'s Mound, Emperor Yan Temple, Fengshen Temple, Congde Lane, Huzhenguan Temple, Luyuan Kiosk and Holy Fire Dais, and natural sight such as Luyuan Cave, Dragon Head Stone, Dragon Claw Stone and Flower Washing Pool, all of them are very attractive.Emperor Yan\'s Mausoleum Scenic AreaSituated on Luyuan Slope west of Yanling County, it is a national AAAA scenic area. Among the tourist attractions in the scenic area, the most important one is Emperor Yan\'s Mausoleum which is a State Preservation Unit of Key Historical Relics and a national AAAA tourist zone. The mausoleum was built in 967 AD during the North Song Dynasty to commemorate Emperor Yan, one of the earliest ancestors of the Chinese people. In 2005 it was listed in the Top Ten Cultural Relics of Hunan Province. Other attractions include Emperor Yan Temple,Chongde Memorial Archway, Luyuan Pavilion, Saint Fire Terrace and Luyuan Cave. Over the past hundreds of years, sacrificial ceremonies have been held in front of Emperor Yan\'s Mausoleum. Now it is a sacred place for all the descendants of Emperor Yan and Huang in the world to seek their roots and pay homage to their earliest ancestors.Emperor Yan’s Mound is 6 m high and the diameter of its bottom is 27 m long. In front of the mound stands a gravestone set up by Emperor Daoguang in Qing Dynasty, writing the epigraph “Emperor Yan Shennongshi’s Mound”. In 1986, when the repair construction was finished, president Hu Yaobang also wrote a epigraph “Emperor Yan Shennongshi’s Mound”, which was carved into the white marble gravestone standing in the center of gravestone kiosk in front of the mound. All the Mound zone is surrounded by high mountains and Mishui River flows under the mountains, so the environment here is very quiet and peaceful.Travel tips:Zhuzhou enjoys humid monsoon climate in subtropical zone. The four seasons are distinct; the rain and heat is abundant with 286 days of frost-free period. The annual average temperature falls between 16℃ and 18℃. The four seasons are suitable for traveling, especially spring and autumn.If you go to Emperor Yan\'s Mound Tourist Zone to sacrifice Chinese people\'s ancestor, Shenlongshi, think of his great deed in tasting various herbs and recall his benefaction, you will have a feeling of thankfulness and bring a pure deep love to our people and nation.TrafficThe mausoleum of Emperor Yandi is in Luyuan Slope, 19 kilometers west of Yanling County, Hunan Province.You can take a bus to Zhuzhou city from Changsha.Then Take scheduled bus in Zhuzhou City to Yanling County. Then take a bus to Emperor Yan\'s Mausoleum and get off at Yandi Emperor Mausoleum arch, take the local bus, the fare is $3 or 4, the fare of taxi is $20-30.Admission (for reference): RMB 45yuan /adultTel: (86)731-26100857Yandi Mausoleum fee and opening hourTicket : 15 yuanOpening hours: 08:00-17:30Tips1.If you go to Emperor Yan\'s Mound Tourist Zone to sacrifice Chinese people\'s ancestor, please keep silent and dignified.2.please respect Chinese cultural monument, do not scrawl randomly and touch them with your hands.
    Changsha & Zhuzhou & Xiangtan 2010-10-05 19:40 View:5635